Major Labour Laws in the Country

 

Laws Governing Industrial Relations

  • The Trade Unions Act, 1926
    (The Act provides for the registration of Trade Unions and in certain respects to define the law relating to registered Trade Unions.)
  • Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946
    (The Act requires employers in industrial establishments formally to define conditions of employment under them.)
  • The Industrial Disputes Act, 1947
    (The Act makes provision for the investigation and settlement of industrial disputes, and for certain other purposes.)

 

Laws Governing Working Hours, Conditions of Services and Employment

  • The Factories Act, 1948
    (The Act consolidates and amend the law regulating labour in factories)
  • The Dock Workers (Regulation of Employment) Act, 1948
    (The Act provides for regulating the employment of dock workers)
  • The Plantations Labour Act, 1951
    (The Act provides for the welfare of labour, and to regulate the conditions of workers, in plantations)
  • The Mines Act, 1952
    (The Act amend and consolidate the law relating to the regulation to labour and safety in mines)
  • Working Journalists and Other Newspaper Employees (Condition Of Service) And Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1955
    (The Act regulates certain conditions of service of working journalists and other persons employed in newspaper establishments.)
  • The Merchant Shipping Act, 1958
    (The Act fosters the development and ensure the efficient maintenance of an Indian mercantile marine in a manner best suited to serve the national interests and for that purpose to establish a National Shipping Board and a Shipping Development Fund, to provide for the registration of Indian ships and generally to amend and consolidate the law relating to merchant shipping.)
  • The Motor Transport Workers Act, 1961
    (The Act provides for the welfare of motor transport workers and regulates the conditions of their work.)
  • The Beedi and Cigar Workers (Conditions of Employment) Act, 1966
    (The Act provides for the welfare of the workers in beedi and cigar establishments and regulatesthe conditions of their work and for matters connected therewith.)
  • The Contract Labour (Regulation & Abolition) Act, 1970
    (The Act regulates the employment of contract labour in certain establishments and provides for its abolition in certain circumstances and for matters connected therewith.)
  • The Sales Promotion Employees (Conditions of Service) Act, 1976
    (The Act regulates certain conditions of service of sales promotion employees in certain establishments.)
  • The Inter-State Migrant Workmen (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act, 1979
    (The Act regulates the employment of inter-State migrant workmen and provides for their conditions of service and for matters connected therewith.)
  • The Shops and Establishments Act
    (The Act consolidates and amend the law relating to the regulation of conditions of work and employment in shops, commercial establishments, residential hotels, restaurants, eating houses, theatres, other places of public amusement or entertainment and other establishments. It is a state legislation act and each state has framed its own rules for the Act)
  • The Cine- Workers and Cinema Theatre Workers (Regulation of Employment) Act, 1981
    (The Act provides for the regulation of the conditions of employment of certain cine-workers and cinema theatre workers and for matters connected therewith.)
  • The Dock Workers (Safety, Health & Welfare) Act, 1986
    (The Act provides for the safety, health and welfare of dock workers and for matters connected therewith.)
  • The Buildings and Other Construction Workers (Regulation of Employment and Conditions Of Service) Act, 1996 
    (The Act regulates the employment and conditions of service of building and other construction workers and provides for their safety, health and welfare measure and for other matter connected therewith or incidental thereto.)
  • The Dock Workers (Regulation of Employment) (inapplicability to Major Ports) Act, 1997
    (The Act provides for inapplicability of the Dock Workers (Regulation of Employment) Act, 1948 to dock workers of major port trusts and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.)

 

Laws Governing Equality and Empowerment of women

  • Maternity Benefit Act, 1961
    (The Act regulates the employment of women in certain establishment for certain period before and after child-birth and to provide for maternity benefit and certain other benefits.)
  • Equal Remuneration Act, 1976  
    (The Act provides for the payment of equal remuneration to men and women workers and for the prevention of discrimination, on the ground of sex, against women in the matter of employment and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.)

 

Laws Governing Deprived and Disadvantaged Sections of the Society

  • The Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 1976 
    (The Act provides for the abolition of bonded labour system with a view to preventing the economic and physical exploitation of the weaker sections of the people and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.)
  • The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986
    (The Act prohibits the engagement of children in certain employments and regulates the conditions of work of children in certain other employments.)
  • The Children (Pledging of Labour) Act, 1933
    (The Act prohibits the pledging of the labour of children)

 

Laws Governing Social Security

  • The Employees’ Compensation Act, 1923
    (The Act provides for the payment by certain classes of employers to their workmen of compensation for injury by accident.)
  • The Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948
    (The Act provides for certain benefits to employees in case of sickness, maternity and employment injury and makes provision for certain other matters in relation thereto.)
  • The Employees’ Provident Funds & Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952
    (The Act provides for the institution of provident funds, pension fund and deposit-linked insurance fund for employees infactories and other establishments.)
  • The Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972
    (The Act provides for a scheme for the payment of gratuity to employees engaged in factories, mines, oilfields, plantations, ports, railway companies, shops or other establishments and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.)
  • The Unorganised Workers’ Social Security Act, 2008
    (The Act provides for the social security and welfare of unorganized workers and for other matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.)

 

Laws Governing Labour Welfare

  • The Mica Mines Labour Welfare Fund Act, 1946
    (The Act constitutes a fund for the financing of activities to promote the welfare of labour employed in the mica mining industry.)
  • The Limestone and Dolomite Mines Labour Welfare Fund Act, 1972
    (The Act provides for the levy and collection of a cess on limestone and dolomite for the financing of activities to promote the welfare of persons employed in the limestone and dolomite mines.)
  • The Beedi Workers Welfare Fund Act, 1976
    (The Act provides for the financing of measures to promote the welfare of persons engaged in beedi establishments.)
  • The Beedi Workers Welfare Cess Act, 1976
    (The Act provides for the levy and collection, by way of cess, a duty of excise on[manufactured beedis].)
  • The Iron Ore Mines Manganese Ore Mines And Chrome Ore Mines Labour Welfare Fund  Act, 1976
    (The Act provides for the financing of activities to promote the welfare of persons employed in the iron ore mines 1, manganese ore mines and chrome ore mines].)
  • The Iron Ore Mines Manganese Ore Mines And Chrome Ore Mines Labour Welfare Cess  Act, 1976
  • The Cine- Workers Welfare Fund Act, 1981
    (The Act provides for the financing of activities to promote the welfare of certain cine- workers.)
  • The Cine- Workers Welfare Cess Act, 1981
    (The Act provides for the levy and collection of a cess on feature films for the financing of activities to promote the welfare of certain cine- workers and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.)
  • The Employment of Manual Scavengers And Construction Of Dry Latrines (Prohibition) Act, 1993
    (The Act provides for the prohibition of employment of manual scavengers as well as construction or continuance of dry latrines and for the regulation of construction and maintenance of water-seal latrines and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.)

 

Laws Governing Employment & Training

  • The Employment Exchanges (Compulsory Notification of Vacancies) Act, 1959
    (The Act provides for the compulsory notification of vacancies to employment exchanges.)
  • The Apprentices Act, 1961 
    (An Act provides for regulation and control of training of Apprentices and for matters connected therewith.)

 

Laws Governing Wages

  • The Payment of Wages Act, 1936
    (The Act regulates the payment of wages of certain classes of employed persons,whereas it is expedient to regulate the payment of wages to certain classes of employed persons.)
  • The Minimum Wages Act, 1948
    (The Act provides for fixing minimum rates of wages in certain employments.)
  • The Working Journalists (Fixation Of Rates Of Wages) Act, 1958
    (The Act provides for the fixation of rates of wages in respect of working journalists and for matters connected therewith.)
  • The Payment of Bonus Act, 1965
    (The Act provides for the payment of bonus to persons employed in certain establishments on the basis of profits or on the basis of production or productivity and for matters connected therewith.)

 

Others Miscellaneous Laws

  • The Fatal Accidents Act, 1855
    (The Act provides compensation to families for loss occasioned by the death of a person caused by actionable wrong. [ 27th March, 1855.] Preamble. WHEREAS no action or suit is now maintainable in any Court against a person who, by his wrongful act, neglect or default, may have caused the death of another person, and it is often- times right and expedient that the wrong- doer in such case should be answerable in damages for the injury so caused by him.)
  • The Weekly Holidays Act, 1942
    (The Act provides for the grant of weekly holidays to persons employed in shops, restaurants and theatres.)
  • The War Injuries (Compensation Insurance) Act, 1943
    (The Act imposes on employers a liability to pay compensation to workmen sustaining war injuries and to provide for the insurance of employers against such liability.)
  • The Personal Injuries (Emergency) Provisions Act, 1962
    (The Act makes provisions for the grant of relief in respect of certain personal injuries sustained during the period of the emergency.)
  • The Personal Injuries (Compensation Insurance) Act, 1963
    (The Act makes provisions for the grant of relief in respect of certain personal injuries sustained during the period of the emergency)
  • The Coal Mines (Conservation and Development) Act, 1974
    (The Act provides for the conservation of coal and development of coal mines and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.)
  • The Labour Laws (Exemption From Furnishing Returns And Maintaining Registers by Certain Establishments) Act, 1988
    (The Act provides for the exemption of employers in relation to establishments employing a small number of persons from furnishing returns and maintaining registers under certain labour laws.)
  • The Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991
    (The Act provides for public liability insurance for the purpose of providing immediate relief to the persons affected by accident occurring while handling any hazardous substance and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.)